Essays academic service


One major limitation of the clinical or case study method is

They are being deemed non-scientific and of questionable usefulness.

One major limitation of the clinical or case study method is

In this blog I will look at both sides of the argument for case studies and see whether as a design it is still useful for the field of psychology. Advantages Case studies allow a lot of detail to be collected that would not normally be easily obtained by other research designs.

The data collected is normally a lot richer and of greater depth than can be found through other experimental designs.

Case studies tend to be conducted on rare cases where large samples of similar participants are not available. An example of this is the study of Phineas Gage by Harlow, J.

This example also connects with the point above with the depth of data obtained.

Case Study Method

Cases of brain damage are quite minimal and it is extremely rare to find people with the exact same parts of the brain affected. To be able to gain knowledge of brain functions the damage between people have to be exact to ensure you are testing the right thing, this can generally only be done through case studies.

Within the case study, scientific experiments can be conducted.

  • There are some limitations to case study research as well one major issue limitations of case study study design;
  • Methods of collecting data advantages of case studies one major advantage of the case study in psychology and is likely the most common of the major methods;
  • In psychology, case studies are often confined to the study of a particular individual;
  • The data collected can be analyzed using different theories e;
  • The case study research method originated in clinical medicine the case history, i;
  • This means that there is a lot of scope for observer bias and it could be that the subjective opinions of the psychologist intrude in the assessment of what the data means.

Again to Phineas Gage, his contributions to neuropsychology and the workings of the brain are invaluable. Disadvantages One of the main criticisms is that the data collected cannot necessarily be generalised to the wider population.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Case Studies

This leads to data being collected over longitudinal case studies not always being relevant or particularly useful. Some case studies are not scientific.

  1. Research which only looks into the measurable aspects of human behavior is not likely to give us insights into the subjective dimension to experience which is so important to psychoanalytic and humanistic psychologists.
  2. Cases of brain damage are quite minimal and it is extremely rare to find people with the exact same parts of the brain affected.
  3. In psychology, case studies are often confined to the study of a particular individual. Methods of collecting data advantages of case studies one major advantage of the case study in psychology and is likely the most common of the major methods.
  4. To be able to gain knowledge of brain functions the damage between people have to be exact to ensure you are testing the right thing, this can generally only be done through case studies.

Freud used case studies for many of his theories or studies. Such examples are that of Anna O and Little Hans. Both of these are not scientific nor are they able to be generalised. This can be attributed to them being case studies, but also Freudian theory in general.

This can lead to bias in data collection, which can influence results more than in different designs. Case studies also tend to collect mainly qualitative data.

  1. Clinical case study one of the limitations of the survey method is repeat the experiment using either identical or improved research methods.
  2. They can help us generate new ideas that might be tested by other methods.
  3. Research which only looks into the measurable aspects of human behavior is not likely to give us insights into the subjective dimension to experience which is so important to psychoanalytic and humanistic psychologists.
  4. The interview is also an extremely effective procedure for obtaining information about an individual, and it may be used to collect comments from the person's friends, parents, employer, work mates and others who have a good knowledge of the person, as well as to obtain facts from the person him or herself.

I have put this as neither an advantage or disadvantage of case studies, as this depends on your stance on qualitative data. If you look back a few blogs I have summarised my view of qualitative data. It would be extremely unethical to go taking parts of peoples brains out just to make a larger sample size to use a different experimental design method. However, as data is collected on new cases I think it is important to always refer back to previous data in order to build on existing knowledge and ensure findings are as applicable to real life as possible.