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Outcomes of world war i connected to the origins of world war ii

World War I is not just about trench warfare and poison gas. It is a story of doughboys, airmen, ambulance drivers, Red Cross workers, Hello-girls, Yeomen, doughnut dollies, farmers, war production laborers, suffragists, and pacifists. To help you start this conversation in your class, consider trying this simple ice-breaker: Divide the class into four groups — each continuing 6-8 students. Pass out four sets of pictures described below.

As this stage of the activity is intended for brainstorming, I suggest restricting use of electronic devices so students do not Google answers prematurely. A male wristwatch; oil rig; prosthetic limb; canned food — preferably beef stew or spaghetti Note: The answer, of course, will be World War I.

How do each of these pieces connect to WWI? At the start of WW1 a wristwatch was recognized as women's jewelry; but within a year of trench warfare, the impractical male pocket watch was replaced with the wristwatch and its protective "cage" over the glass and radium dials for nighttime use.

A wristwatch was necessary to synchronize maneuvers and to deliver supplies in a timely fashion. Today's wristwatch is not only a timepiece, but a minicomputer as well. Though World War I may have begun with coal power, by war's end it was oil-driven with the internal combustible engine that powered planes, tanks, supply trucks, and mechanized infantry.

Today when something happens in Iraq or Syria, the price of gasoline rises almost overnight. Prosthetics were needed in such vast numbers during WW1 that the United Kingdom turned to standardization for mass production.

  • Outside, a mood of dismay and resignation shrouded the streets of Berlin;
  • Faced with the prospect of unrestrained German aggression, Britain and France offered security guarantees to Poland in March 1939.

Aluminum alloy was introduced as the main material for prosthetics instead of wood. Today's prosthetics are designed for the individual, with many containing microchips and robotics. They function more like a natural limb than ever before. Canned food was not new to World War I; however, it was not commonly eaten until the need for easy, mass-produced food that could be quickly delivered to the front arose. After the war, the mass-food production industries focused their advertising on the troops who had grown accustomed to their frontline meals and foods they could not get at home.

What is the Lasting Impact of World War I?

Thus, these canned foods found their way into the home. While spending time in a British internment camp during WWI, German boxer and bodybuilder Joseph Hubertus Pilates motivated fellow inmates, including the bedridden, with exercise programs that promoted movement and health.

After the war he and his wife developed his exercise philosophy, which remains popular today. While many suffragists put aside their activism to work outside the home to support the war effort, some suffragists continued their civil disobedience, willing to be imprisoned for their beliefs.

Because of early food shortages, particularly meat, some Germans ate a cheap meat alternative - vegetarian sausages. These rather tasteless sausages were made from soya, flour, corn, barley and ground rice. During 1917 and 1918, the military tested more than 1. Though one test Alpha measured such things as numerical and verbal abilities, another version was typically used for the illiterate or non-English speaking draftees and volunteers.

Following the war, institutions of higher learning relied on the Alpha test to determine class placement for students, perhaps eventually leading to the use of the ACT or SAT in college placement.

However, WW1 created several consequences which led to a second World War: New states in Eastern Europe who were weak and ripe for the taking by Hitler. A devastated Germany and France appeased Hitler to prevent another war. In Asia, Japan turned to militarism and began taking over European holdings. Ineffectual League of Nations. His letter was ignored. It is felt that because of the snub by the conference attendees, Nguyen turned to communism.

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The Great War destroyed czarist Russia, leading to a Bolshevik revolution and the creation of communist Soviet Union, which feared continual capitalist intervention. Built in 1961 to separate communist East Berlin from capitalist West Germany, the Berlin Wall stood as the most enduring symbol of the Cold War until it was opened for free passage in 1989. At the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, a young French official proposed European economic cooperation.

However, very few people were interested and instead they went with the harsh economic terms against Germany in the Treaty of Versailles. Following the devastation of a second world war, the idea of a unified Europe was seriously considered as an antidote to nationalism.

In the 1950s six countries formed what will over the next 30 years become the European Union, a political and economic union of 28 member states. The EU has a common currency - the Euro, which is used in 19 member countries. In 2016, Britain voted to leave the EU.

Mihiel and the Meuse-Argonne. Truman served as President 1945-1953. He continued to serve his country following the war. In 1916, Rankin, an avowed pacifist, was the first female elected to Congress. On April 5, 1917, Rankin voted against the declaration of war. In 1918, Rankin ran for the Senate but was defeated.

She spent the inter-war years on social welfare issues and pacifism.

Connecting History

In 1940, Rankin was reelected to the House of Representatives. With the attack on Pearl Harbor, Rankin is called on again to vote on a declaration of war, this time against Japan.

The war ended before he could be sent overseas.

  • Outside, a mood of dismay and resignation shrouded the streets of Berlin;
  • They left for the front as though on holiday;
  • Few people were in the streets to observe the troops march past.

Eisenhower served as President of the U. As an extension activity, you could invite students to investigate an item from one of the categories Politics, Countries, Armaments, Medicine, Culture, Tactics, Economy and explain how it connected the 20th or 21st century to World War I. Looking for more areas to highlight?

Read an overview of several key WWI developments here. Jeanne Hamacher History Teacher.