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Research papers done on drugs in professional sports

Hire Writer In addition to the mentioned use, they are further used to induce puberty in boys, contraceptives manufacture and growth enhancement in children among many others. They have a wide range of usage as Pat Lene Han notes: Non-medical usage or abuse of Anabolic steroids has been on the rise. The wide held perception especially by the media is that they are extremely dangerous although in reality the risk as seen in sportsmen has been minimal.

The use of anabolic steroids in competitive sports is however illegal due to some very obvious reasons. Most of the countries in the world have either outlawed fully the usage, buying or selling of Anabolic steroids. In Canada, for example such a crime is punishable through a jail sentence.

Performance-Enhancing Drugs: Where Should the Line be Drawn and by Whom?

All international athletic regulation bodies have almost in unison banned and condemned the use of these drugs although new forms continue to be introduced into the market as day passes by.

Athletic organization have beefed up their vigilance and renewed their efforts in detecting these drugs. This is in the bid to level the playing field and give equal chances to all participants, as William N. Test measures had to be put in place by these bodies to correct this anomaly. He further adds that: The illegality of Anabolic steroids use in sports person not withstanding, athlete still persistently use these substances in the hope of acquiring a competitive advantage over the rest of the pack.

  • The ethical issues surrounding the use of Anabolic steroids in sports are valid and if ignored will impede on the spirit of fair competition that has always been known to exist;
  • The International Association of Athletics Federations was the first international governing body of sport to take the situation seriously;
  • This year in the professional sport of golf, which has always been characterized by integrity and honesty, the governing body, or PGA Tour, has implemented its own doping policy;
  • Enhancing Performance or Restoring Normative Function?
  • Beta-adrenoceptor blockade and exercise:

This is but a natural instinct in all competitors whether old or young. They are taken in the belief that they will enhance performance in the competition as well as allowing for quick recovery after wards. This problem is not confined to professional athletes only but it further extends to student and upcoming athletes Johnson MD, 1111. The urge by professional athletes to use performance-enhancing drugs is attributed to a brand of competitors who have an unquenchable desire to win at every cost.

This has been the justification behind this usage. Almost all professional sporting bodies that have put a ban to steroid use periodically testing the participants they suspect of taking them; those that fail the test are suspended.

Research papers done on drugs in professional sports

The debate on whether the use of steroids to enhance performance in sports has been raging on for years now since the various bodies gave an indication of banning them. They are those that try to advocate that it should be accepted while the opponents strongly condemn its usage citing the diminishing reputation in the competitive sports. The world and Olympic champion Marion Jones has had herself stripped of titles after admitting to doping.

A total number of five medals, two bronzes and three gold medals have been returned to the Olympics committee. In addition, she is facing a 6 months sentence in jail and a two-year ban.

  • This resulted in a marked increase in the number of doping-related disqualifications in the late 1970s, 24 notably in strength-related sports, such as throwing events and weightlifting;
  • Performance-enhancing effects of substances used by athletes There is a research base demonstrating that many doping agents are in fact performance-enhancing;
  • Nicotine may enhance weight loss and improve attention;
  • We restricted results to the English language and used no date restrictions;
  • The National Institute of Justice sponsors research on alcohol and others drugs in the context of the criminal justice system to promote effective law enforcement;
  • The wide held perception especially by the media is that they are extremely dangerous although in reality the risk as seen in sportsmen has been minimal.

This is all after she had adamantly claimed she had never used performance-enhancing drugs. Other prominent medalists that have faced the ban include Torri Edwards and Chryste Gaines who are still on a ban.

This list runs long and has continued to tarnish the sporting industry.

  1. Performance-enhancing effects of substances used by athletes There is a research base demonstrating that many doping agents are in fact performance-enhancing.
  2. The International Association of Athletics Federations was the first international governing body of sport to take the situation seriously. In both males and females, growth hormone was associated with significantly decreased fat mass, increased lean body mass, and improved sprint capacity although with no change in strength, power, or endurance.
  3. Other forms of androgen stimulation include exogenous human chorionic gonadotropin, antiestrogens such as tamoxifen, clomiphene, and raloxifene, and aromatase inhibitors such as testolactone, letrozole, and anastrozole.
  4. The national football league has of late become tainted by such allegations where a number of players have admitted or discovered to be using steroids. Psychiatr Serv 2004551420—1426 [ PubMed ] 20.
  5. Overtraining refers to a negative response to training stress and is often due to chronically high training levels without periods of lower training loads. They have a wide range of usage as Pat Lene Han notes.

Prominent sports men and women have fallen from grace as allegations after allegations are heaped against them by the ever-vigilant anti-doping agencies. Jones had all along been using Anabolic steroids for a number of years now and had won international medals without the knowledge of the agencies.

Again Tim Montgomery was stripped off his Olympic medals and world record as a result of using the steroids. These are just examples that show that more and more athletes could be taking steroids to enhance their performance without the knowledge of the international sporting bodies. This does not only tarnish the reputation of the participants but it puts into disrepute past medals that have been won.

  • Unfortunately, the use and abuse of performance-enhancing drugs has become ubiquitous, creating complex challenges for the governing bodies of individual sports;
  • The USADA has a 12-member board that consists of three physicians, a gynecologist, orthopedist, and urologist.

There is a high possibility that there exists a huge number of athletes that are in possession of medals that are not rightfully theirs, denying a chance to those that could have won legitimately. If this scenario persists, majority of people could lose their faith in the competitive sports, as they would not be able to put a distinction between those who have won legitimately and those that won as a result of using Anabolic steroids.

The reputation of some sports remain tainted due to this abuse as Kayla Sheffield puts it in The Daily American: Because of the inexcusable mistakes of numerous players, the image of football US has been tarnished www.

There is a high risk that a number of spectators may be tempted to blanket condemn all players as using steroids. Such a condemnation is not unwarranted, as these cases of steroid use in sports have become a common place in the media.

The national football league has of late become tainted by such allegations where a number of players have admitted or discovered to be using steroids. Although some of these may be just mere allegations, they do not argue well with the image of the sports industry and players as well. Huge steps have to be taken to arrest the situation before it deteriorates further. The ethical issues surrounding the use of Anabolic steroids in sports are valid and if ignored will impede on the spirit of fair competition that has always been known to exist.

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