Essays academic service


Stigma of self harm in healthcare services

This is because not everyone who self-injures seeks help or treatment and because some jurisdictions combine data on self-injury with data on suicide, which makes it difficult to obtain an accurate picture of either concern. A Canadian study conducted in found that Females are more likely to self-injure than males. How do you know if someone you love self-injures? The person may go to great lengths to hide any evidence and cover up any physical injuries.

Keep an eye out for: Some indicators may include difficulty handling emotions or problems with relationships.

  • The behavior is not better explained by another mental disorder or medical condition e;
  • Treatment options for youth who self-injure may include one or a combination of the following;
  • Self- injury can become addictive and a habit, so it is important to be patient during recovery.

How can you tell the difference between suicide and non-suicidal self-injury? Self- injury is not an attempt to die. This can be confusing to onlookers because self- injury and suicide often involve the same behaviours, but the key difference is the motivation behind the behaviour.

Individuals who self-injure engage in these behaviours so that they can feel better, not so that they can end their life. Although self- injury is different than suicide, many teens who self-injure may be depressed and may indicate that life is not worth living. They may have thoughts of death but no actual intention to die. People who self-injure have a hard time dealing with their feelings. Self- injury is used to reduce, manage or escape from intense emotions. If someone you know self-injures, listen to what he or she is saying, talk about his or her emotions, and encourage the person to get help.

If the young person is at immediate risk of hurting him- or herself in a life-threatening way, he or she should be taken to the hospital. What are the criteria for diagnosis of non-suicidal self-injury? It is important to note that NSSI, or self-harm, is not a diagnosable mental disorder.

More research is required to help mental health professionals better understand self- injury in young people. In the last year, the individual has, on 5 or more days, engaged in intentional self-inflicted damage to the surface of his or her body of a sort likely to induce bleeding, bruising, or pain e.

Upcoming Events

The individual engages in the self-injurious behavior with one or more of the following expectations: To obtain relief from a negative feeling or cognitive state.

To resolve an interpersonal difficulty. To induce a positive feeling state. The desired relief or response is experienced during or shortly after the self-injury, and the individual may display patterns of behavior suggesting a dependence on repeatedly engaging in it. The intentional self-injury is associated with at least one of the following: Interpersonal difficulties or negative feelings or thoughts, such as depression, anxiety, tension, anger, generalized distress, or self-criticism, occurring in the period immediately prior to the self-injurious act.

Prior to engaging in the act, a period of preoccupation with the intended behavior that is difficult to control.

Stigma and discrimination

Thinking about self-injury that stigma of self harm in healthcare services frequently, even when it is not acted upon. The behavior is not socially sanctioned e. The behavior or its consequences cause clinically significant distress or interference in interpersonal, academic, or other important areas of functioning.

The behavior does not occur exclusively during psychotic episodes, delirium, substance intoxication, or substance withdrawal. In individuals with a neurodevelopmental disorder, the behavior is not part of a pattern of repetitive stereotypies. The behavior is not better explained by another mental disorder or medical condition e.

What can you do if someone in your life self-injures? It is important to encourage someone who self-injures to seek help. Although he or she may want to avoid discussing the issue, understanding the feelings and emotions that make him or her want to self-injure is an essential component of treatment. In addition to better understanding what causes someone to self-injure, treatment also focuses on learning more adaptive ways of coping, so that the individual can find healthier and safer ways to solve his or her problems.

Trying to force someone to change his or her behaviour before he or she is ready will only make the person increasingly resistant to treatment and cause frustration for you. The young person needs you to be part of his or her support system now and when he or she is in treatment.

Self- injury can become addictive and a habit, so it is important to be patient during recovery. Remember that the person needs to have healthier coping strategies in place before completely relinquishing his or her self-injurious behaviour. Being a positive influence while the young person is seeking professional help is important. Encourage stigma of self harm in healthcare services or her to avoid things that can be used to hurt him- or herself.

Remind the person to do things that make him or her happy. Help him or her connect with other people. Even just spending time with him or her and listening to what he or she has to say can make a difference. What treatment options exist for young people who self-injure? A variety of treatment options exist for youth who self-injure. Determining which course of action is appropriate for each individual should be done with the guidance of a trained health professional.

Treatment options for youth who self-injure may include one or a combination of the following: There are two different types of psychotherapy that have been found to be effective for treating self-injury in teenagers: Dialectical Behaviour Therapy DBTa type of therapy based on a philosophy of balancing, acceptance and change.

Cognitive Behavior Therapy CBTa type of therapy which helps people understand, problem solve, and change the relationship between their thoughts, emotions, and behaviours.

  1. For people who self-harm, there is growing evidence to suggest that services and treatment outcomes can be adversely affected by healthcare staffs' stigmatising attitudes and behaviours.
  2. This can be confusing to onlookers because self- injury and suicide often involve the same behaviours, but the key difference is the motivation behind the behaviour. The behavior is not socially sanctioned e.
  3. Some indicators may include difficulty handling emotions or problems with relationships.
  4. How can you tell the difference between suicide and non-suicidal self-injury?

Rather than treating the self-injury directly, medication helps with the underlying issues that are contributing to why someone chooses to self-injure. For more information on how to properly use medications, check out MedEd. Sometimes certain adaptations can be made by the school to assist a student in coping with and managing his or her self-injury.

Maintaining a healthy, regular daily routine is very important for someone who is struggling with mental health issues.

  • The behavior or its consequences cause clinically significant distress or interference in interpersonal, academic, or other important areas of functioning;
  • The aim of the present study was to explore the way healthcare and non-healthcare students think and feel about adolescent self-harm behaviour using Corrigan et al;
  • Dialectical Behaviour Therapy DBT , a type of therapy based on a philosophy of balancing, acceptance and change;
  • This study provides evidence that a number of factors may adversely affect the care and treatment received by young people who self-harm, namely;
  • Perceived risk was found to be associated with higher levels of anxiety and increased support for the use of coercive and segregatory strategies to manage self-harming behaviour;
  • The individual engages in the self-injurious behavior with one or more of the following expectations:

Contagion and Self-Injury For someone who uses healthy coping strategies to deal with emotion, knowing that someone else self-injures is unlikely to make them start.

If, however, someone has difficulty coping with intense emotions, he or she may be more likely to self-injure after finding out that someone he or she knows self-injures. Be attentive to what the young person watches and hears, and talk to him or her about how he or she is feeling.