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The first industrial revolution in great britain

  • Steam could be produced anywhere and everywhere;
  • Both of these minerals were needed in the manufacture of machines and production of steam;
  • The position of the bourgeoisie in France was strengthened by the July Revolution of 1830 which put Louis Philippe on the throne of France;
  • Banking and credit facilities were lacking;
  • This machine consisted of a series of rollers and was run by water power or horse power;
  • That led to the practice of underselling themselves in order to get employment.

Scientific advances and technological innovations brought growth in agricultural and industrial production, economic expansion and changes in living conditions, while at the same time there was a new sense of national identity and civic pride. The most dramatic changes were witnessed in rural areas, where the provincial landscape often became urban and industrialized following advances in agriculture, industry and shipping.

History of The Industrial Revolution

Wealth accumulated in the regions and there was soon a need for country banking. These themes were explored in the temporary exhibition The Industrial Revolution and the Changing Face of Britain at the Barber Institute of Fine Arts in 2008—9and are summarized in this essay.

  • Textile factories no longer had to be built right next to a river;
  • Textile manufacture was the industry which was most representative of the age of machinery and power;
  • From 1860 to 1876, coal production multiplied itself by 16 and steel production by ten;
  • Belgium sent machinery all over Holland, Germany and even Russia;
  • The governing elite opposed the investment of funds on railway construction.

Visitors, given the chance to examine paper money closely, were able to see how the vignettes on banknotes could offer a narrative of the change and development of four key themes: During the 18th century, after a long period of enclosures, new farming systems created an agricultural revolution that produced larger quantities of crops to feed the increasing population.

In early 19th-century Britain, land was of great political and economic significance: New tools, fertilizers and harvesting techniques were introduced, resulting in increased productivity and agricultural prosperity.

Indeed, despite the phenomenon of urbanization and industrialization, agriculture remained a principal provider of employment in the provinces, both supporting and being supported by industry. Geographical specialization of products was established, with south-eastern England specializing in grain, for example, and Scotland or Leicestershire in breeding cattle and sheep.

  • Farm machinery continued to be improved and multiplied;
  • Alfred Nobel, a Swedish chemist and engineer, introduced dynamite in 1867.

Paper money such as that from Yorkshire or Herefordshire illustrates the importance of farming through idealized images of agricultural bliss. Mass production was achieved by replacing water and animal power with steam power, and by the invention of new machinery and technology.

Among other innovations, the introduction of steam power was a catalyst for the Industrial Revolution. Coal became a key factor in the success of industrialization; it was used to produce the steam power on which industry depended. Improvements in mining technology ensured that more coal could be extracted to power the factories and run railway trains and steamships.

Industrial Revolution

Paper money issued in Lancashire shows the importance of the textile industry in the county. Like Manchester, Dewsbury grew substantially during the 19th century. A banknote issued in Dewsbury bears an image of a local cotton recycling factory. The metal industry developed into one of the most profitable in the country from the late 18th century onwards.

  1. Other firms also started making typewriters in America and in Europe.
  2. The output of wheat in the world increased from 3,250 million bushels in 1920 to 4,600 million bushels in 1938.
  3. Private capitalists were not coming forward for the construction of railways.

Birmingham saw its metalworking industry flourish: