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What is a source for a research paper

Print Different Kinds of Sources The understanding that original research is based on first-hand data that is, not on someone else's comments or interpretations of that datamakes it necessary to distinguish between different kinds of sources. In this section, the difference between primary, secondary and tertiary sources is explained.

Source and reference The source is the text or other work that provides the information that is being used whereas the actual mention of the source that is being used is called a reference. To some extent, these terms are synonymous; in several reference styles, the list of sources used in an academic text are called 'References,' for instance.

How can I find good sources for my research paper?

When discussing the actual function of the reference in the written text, however, it may be useful to distinguish between the terms 'source' and 'reference'. The first extract comes from a conference paper in the field of Theology and Religious Studies. The reference given here is in the form of a direction to a biblical passage, and the source that is, where the passage quoted is to be foundis the New Testament Book of Matthew.

At the beginning of each of the four Gospels we meet a man who challenges us to get baptized: In the Gospel of Matthew he cries out: The kingdom of heaven is near" Matth.

Different Kinds of Sources

In the extract below, the reference is "Boehm 1976 ", and the source is a certain journal article, written by Boehm and published in 1976, the full details of which are given in the list of references.

Boehm 1976 argues that these large costs stem from introducing testing too late in the process, and that these costs could be lessened if a defect could be detected and fixed at the same stage as it is introduced.

  • Go to the library Despite the fact that you can find tons of information on the Internet, it is better to start your search in the library as there you can find a large number of books on your subject and will not have to sort them out by relevance;
  • Finding some valid facts is good but if your paper will consist of only bare facts, it will be uninteresting and less convincing, so try to find also some statistical data, documental films, interviews, convincing examples from history or literature, etc.

This praxis needs good planning and a structured test plan. By clarifying to themselves what kind of use they make of different kinds of sources, writers will be able to distinguish between their own contribution and the argument expressed by the sources that are being used.

It should be noted that the distinctions that are made below may be more relevant in some fields than in others. Students are advised to discuss the use of sources with their supervisors and with the library staff at their departmental library. Note, though, that all writers need to be aware of the importance of originality, in the sense of first-hand results, in scholarly writing.

How to choose sources One of the central learning outcomes of university studies is the ability to assess information. When writing, students train their ability to decide whether a source is appropriate and how to use it. The University Library is a valuable resource for students in need of help concerning the choice of sources: Some common types of publications are listed here. Depending on discipline, some publications forms are more common and relevant than others.

Anthology An anthology is a collection of texts or other created works on a specific subject that are published or otherwise presented together. Conference proceedings The volume of papers which are published in connection with conferences is often referred to as proceedings. Such a publication usually consists of articles based on the plenary lectures and on what is a source for a research paper selected number of participating papers.

Journal article An article is a text that has been published in a journal periodicalmagazine or newspaper. There are different kinds of scholarly articles; apart from original articles articles that present new, original, researchthere are review articles, letters and editorials, for instance.

Original articles can be divided into, for instance, methodological articles, theoretical articles and case studies. For further information about different kinds of articles, see the AWELU section called Genres and Text Types Monograph A monograph is a text often book-length, but could also be a long article that treats one specific subject. The terms 'journal' and 'periodical' are often used synonymously. In reference styles, the abbreviations 'Diss.

10 Tips On How To Find Good Sources For a Research Paper

Note that most reference style manuals have been published in the US and therefore use the American English 'dissertation' for 'doctoral dissertation,' whereas the word 'thesis' or 'doctoral thesis' is more common in British English. Read more about this in Additional terms in connection with publication forms: Annotated edition The word annotation in 'annotated edition' indicates that the text has been provided with explanatory notes, comments or other kinds of extra material.

This is common in republications of old texts, for instance. If the text is annotated, this will be indicated in the title. If it is reprinted, unless stated otherwise, no changes are made to the text itself, but a second third, etc.

  1. It is a search tool that finds scholarly articles—academic journals, patents, theses, court proceedings, and more. In other words, primary sources are original sources, not interpretations made by someone else.
  2. Depending on discipline, some publications forms are more common and relevant than others.
  3. For further information about different kinds of articles, see the AWELU section called Genres and Text Types Monograph A monograph is a text often book-length, but could also be a long article that treats one specific subject.

Primary, secondary and tertiary sources Sources can be divided into three types, depending on their proximity to the subject of study: Primary sources A primary source is usually a document or result that is being reported first hand. In other words, primary sources are original sources, not interpretations made by someone else.

A. Finding Sources

The following often function as primary sources: