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Writing research papers a guide to the process 7th edition

If your instructor requires you to create a standalone title page, ask him or her for specifications.

Research Writing Simplified: A Documentation Guide, 8th Edition

MLA does not have a set of specific instructions for developing a title page. Here is an example of a running head that might be seen in the top right corner of a research paper: Peterson 7 The running head is placed half an inch from the top margin and one inch from the right margin of the page. General tips to keep in mind: Placed in the upper right-hand corner, one half inch from the top, flush with the right margin.

Type your last name before the page number. To make this process easier, set your word processor to automatically add the last name and page number to each page.

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Do not place p. Many instructors do not want a page number on the first page. Ask your instructor for their specific preferences. Try looking in the settings area where page numbers or headers can be added or modified. Quite often, the running head and page numbers begin on the second page, but your instructor may ask you to include the running head on the first page of the assignment.

As always, if your instructor provides you with specific directions, follow his or her guidelines. Margins Use one-inch margins around the entire page. The running head should be the only item seen in the one inch margin see above for more on running heads. Most word processing programs automatically default to using one inch margins. Check the page settings section of the program to locate the margin size.

Learn more on justified wording and other guidelines.

African American Studies

The same justification rules apply in the 8th edition. If your professor requests you use 7th edition guidelines for your work cited MLA format page, click here for more information. Paragraphs Indent the first word in every paragraph. Sentences should begin one half inch from the left margin.

It is not necessary to manually measure half an inch. Quotations Quotes are added into assignments to help defend an argument, prove a point, add emphasis, or simply liven up a project. Quotes should not take up the majority of your paper or assignment.

African American Studies

Quotes should be sprinkled sparingly throughout. Use direct quotes from outside sources to enhance and expand on your own writing and ideas. There are three ways to add quotes: In the above example, Dan Gutman is the author of the book that this quote is pulled from. The information in the parentheses at the end of the sentence is a proper MLA style citation of this type. In a block quote, which is used when a large quote, of 4 lines or more, is added into a project. Need further help with quotes or MLA format examples?

MLA Format: Everything You Need to Know Here

Learn more about the style in the news. Paraphrases Paraphrases are created when text or speech from another source are added into a project, but the writer chooses to summarize them and weave in his or her own writing and writing style.

Even though the writer modifies the information from another source, it is still necessary to credit the source using proper MLA format. Paraphrased information uses the same MLA reference format as writing research papers a guide to the process 7th edition in the section directly above this one. Here is an acceptable paraphrase: Steve Jobs encouraged students at Stanford to continue with their determination, drive, and ambitious behavior.

They should never be simply satisfied with the status quo. They should continue to push themselves despite possible obstacles and failures. Spacing MLA research paper format requires that the entire research paper or MLA format essay includes double-spaced lines.

Double-spaced lines should be found in between the written body of the work, in the heading, and also on the MLA reference page. While it may seem tempting to place a few extra lines between the heading, title, and beginning of the paper, lines should all be double spaced.

Two of the most commonly used fonts are Arial and Times New Roman. It is important for the reader to be able to distinguish the difference between italicized and regular font, so if you choose a font style different than Arial or Times New Roman, make sure the difference between the two type styles is evident.

The use of a 12-point font size is recommended as this is the default size for many word processing programs. It is acceptable to use another standard size, such as 11-point or 11. Make 1 inch margins on the top, bottom, and sides The first word in every paragraph should be indented one half inch.

  • In the above example, Dan Gutman is the author of the book that this quote is pulled from;
  • The key to any research essay is first learning how to effectively manage your time and organize your source material;
  • They should never be simply satisfied with the status quo.

Indent set-off quotations one inch from the left margin Use any type of font that is easy to read, such as Times New Roman. Make sure that italics look different from the regular typeface. Use 12 point size Double space the entire research paper, even the works cited page. Leave one space after periods and other punctuation marks, unless your instructor tells you to make two spaces. To create a header, follow these steps: Begin one inch from the top of the first page and flush with the left margin.

Research, Writing, and Style Guides (MLA, APA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard, CGOS, CBE)

Do NOT underline, bold, or type the title in all capital letters. Only italicize words that would normally be italicized in the text. Character Development in The Great Gatsby Do not place a period after the title or after any headings Double space between the title and first lines of the text 10.

Punctuation Here are a few guidelines to keep in mind in relation to punctuation marks. Use commas when it makes sense for individuals to pause while reading or to help with understanding.

When closing out a sentence with the use of a punctuation mark, begin the following sentence after one space, not two spaces.

  • To create a header, follow these steps;
  • Abbreviations Abbreviations are commonly used in many source types including websites, blog posts, books, and journal articles;
  • Two of the most commonly used fonts are Arial and Times New Roman.

When including a quote in your paper or assignment, place the period outside of the parentheses, at the end of the entire sentence. Here is an example of MLA format: Notice that the period is on the outside of the parentheses, not at the end of the quote itself.

  1. Next you will want to select your topic — unless one has been provided to you.
  2. When it comes to school and research assignments however, the Modern Language Association prefers abbreviations to rarely be used.
  3. This material has been thoroughly vetted by dissertation officials at colleges and universities across the country.

Abbreviations Abbreviations are commonly used in many source types including websites, blog posts, books, and journal articles.

It is acceptable to use abbreviations in all of these sources. When it comes to school and research assignments however, the Modern Language Association prefers abbreviations to rarely be used. Spelling out abbreviations into their full words and meaning is recommended. This ensures understanding and avoids any confusion. Instead of coming across choppy abbreviations, readers can follow the natural flow of the language in the paper.

There are times when you may feel it is perfectly acceptable to use an abbreviation rather than its typed out counterpart in a paper. When including abbreviations, do not place periods in between capital letters. United States should be US, not U. Digital video disc should be DVD, not D. For lower case abbreviations, it is acceptable to include periods between the letters.

If there is a mix of lower case and upper case letters, do not use periods if the majority of the letters are upper case. EdD Months Type out entire month names when being used in the body of a research paper or assignment. She rented out the beach house from May through September. When it comes to references, MLA bibliography format requires months longer than four letters to be abbreviated. Other abbreviations that are perfectly acceptable to use in a bibliography in MLA format not the body of a project include: They should not be used in the body of a project.

Numbers Use of Numerals If the project calls for frequent use of numbers such as a scientific study or statisticsuse numerals that precede measurements.