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A biography of sir thomas more an english humanist

Hans Holbein the Younger. He was educated at St Anthony's School in London. As a youth he served as a page in the household of Archbishop Mortonwho anticipated More would become a "marvellous man.

Battle of Britain

During this time, he wrote comedies and studied Greek and Latin literature. One of his first works was an English translation of a Latin biography of the Italian humanist Pico della Mirandola.

It was printed by Wynkyn de Worde in Around More returned to London to study law, was admitted to Lincoln's Inn inand became a barrister in Yet More did not automatically follow in his father's footsteps. He was torn between a monastic calling and a life of civil service. While at Lincoln's Inn, he determined to become a monk and subjected himself to the discipline of the Carthusiansliving at a nearby monastery and taking part of the monastic life.

The prayer, fasting, and penance habits stayed with him for the rest of his life. More's desire for monasticism was finally overcome by his sense of duty to serve his country in the field of politics.

He entered Parliament inand married for the first time in orto Jane Colt. Margaret, Elizabeth, Cicely, and John. More became a close friend with Desiderius Erasmus during the latter's first visit to England in It was the beginning of a lifelong friendship and correspondence.

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They produced Latin translations of Lucian's works, printed at Paris induring Erasmus' second visit. In revenge, the King had imprisoned More's father and not released him until a fine was paid and More himself had withdrawn from public life.

After the death of the King inMore became active once more. Inhe was appointed one of the two under-sheriffs of London. In this capacity, he gained a reputation for being impartial, and a patron to the poor.

InMore's first wife died in childbirth. More soon married again, to Alice Middleton. They did not have children. In he accompanied a delegation to Flanders to help clear disputes about the wool trade.

Thomas More (1478 - 1535)

Utopia opens with a reference to this very delegation. More was also instrumental in quelling a London uprising against foreigners, portrayed in the play Sir Thomas More, possibly by Shakespeare. More accompanied the King and court to the Field of the Cloth of Gold. In he became a member of the Privy Council, and was knighted in More had garnered Henry's favor, and was made Speaker of the House of Commons in and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in As Speaker, More helped establish the parliamentary privilege of free speech.

While his work in the law courts was exemplary, his fall came quickly. He resigned inciting ill health, but the reason was probably his disapproval of Henry's stance toward the church.

He refused to attend the coronation of Anne Boleyn in Junea matter which did not escape the King's notice. In he was one of the people accused of complicity with Elizabeth Barton, the nun of Kent who opposed Henry's break with Rome, but was not attainted due to protection from the Lords who refused to pass the bill until More's name was off the list of names. More was found guilty of treason and was beheaded alongside Bishop Fisher on July 6, More's final words on the scaffold were: Last words on the scaffold,according to Paris Newsletter, August 4,