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A history of the involvement of united states of america in the vietnam war

  1. It ended with communist victory in April 1975.
  2. A multinational agreement divided Vietnam at the 17th parallel.
  3. It is not, however, a smart bomb going through a ventilator shaft.
  4. A multinational agreement divided Vietnam at the 17th parallel. Tensions between blacks and whites had been intensifying for years as African Americans sought to change centuries-old racial policies.
  5. Ten times as many Vietnamese had fled the north, where the Communist Party was killing off its rivals, seizing property, and oppressing the large Catholic population. A third phase began in August and lasted six weeks.

Early Involvement Ho Chi Minh's resistance to colonial powers in Indochina led to the formation of the Marxist liberation movement known as the Viet Minh. While Americans were girding to fight the Civil War in 1860, the French were beginning a century-long imperial involvement in Indochina. The lands now known as Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia comprised Indochina. The riches to be harvested in these lands proved economically enticing to the French. Ho was educated in the West, where he became a disciple of Marxist thought.

Ho resented and resisted the French. Ho formed a liberation movement known as the Viet Minh. Using guerrilla warfare, the Viet Minh battled the Japanese and held many key cities by 1945. Paraphrasing the Declaration of Independence, Ho proclaimed the new nation of Vietnam — a new nation Western powers refused to recognize.

France was determined to reclaim all its territories after World War II. The United States now faced an interesting dilemma.

  1. He handed it back to me.
  2. That determination, in the end, proved decisive.
  3. Ho Chi Minh had been educated in Paris. The Tet Offensive played an important role in weakening U.
  4. He closed by saying. Lack of this overarching meaning encourages making things up, lying, to fill the gap in meaning.

American tradition dictated sympathy for the revolutionaries over any colonial power. However, supporting the Marxist Viet Minh was unthinkable, given the new strategy of containing communism. Domino Theory American diplomats subscribed to the domino theory.

A communist victory in Vietnam might lead to communist victories in Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia. Such a scenario was unthinkable to the makers of American foreign policy.

President Truman decided to support France in its efforts to reclaim Indochina by providing money and military advisers.

Vietnam War

The French found Ho Chi Minh a formidable adversary. Between 1945 and 1954 a fierce war developed between the two sides. Slowly but surely, the Viet Minh wore down the French will to fight. Negotiations to end the conflict took place in Geneva. A multinational agreement divided Vietnam at the 17th parallel. The territory north of this line would be led by Ho Chi Minh with Hanoi its capital.

Vietnam War Articles

The southern sector named Saigon its capital and Ngo Dinh Diem its leader. This division was meant to be temporary, with nationwide elections scheduled for 1956. Knowing that Ho Chi Minh would be a sure victor, the South made sure these elections were never held. During the administrations of Eisenhower and Kennedy, the United States continued to supply funds, weapons, and military advisers to South Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh turned North Vietnam into a communist dictatorship and created a new band of guerrillas in the South called the Viet Cong, whose sole purpose was to overthrow the military regime in the South and reunite the nation under Ho Chi Minh.

Diem was corrupt, showed little commitment to democratic principles, and favored Catholics to the dismay of the Buddhist majority.

He had successfully won the hearts and minds of the majority of the Vietnamese people.

Two weeks after the fall of Diem, Kennedy himself was felled by an assassin's bullet. By the time Lyndon Johnson inherited the Presidency, Vietnam was a bitterly divided nation. The United States would soon too be divided on what to do in Vietnam.

French Imperialism in Vietnam During the late nineteenth century, the European powers carved up Southeast Asia into colonies. France captured Vietnam, but never had full control over the countries. The revolts escalated until the 1940's until the French finally withdrew. Check out this brief history of the French occupation of the country and the native resistance that forced them out.

C by an organization of Vietnam Veterans who perform humanitarian projects in Vietnam.

  • On March 31, 1968, Johnson announced that he would not seek a second term as president;
  • France was determined to reclaim all its territories after World War II;
  • Civilian loss of life was also very heavy, with the lowest estimates around 415,000;
  • As noted above, a number of sources warned U;
  • When P-Dog saw me he turned his head away;
  • France's defeat in 1954, the bifurcation of Vietnam into a Communist North and non-Communist South, and America's assumption of the job of training the armed forces of the newly created non-Communist Republic of Vietnam pulled the United States deeper into the conflict.

The second half of the article deals with the West's involvement in Vietnam — Europeans, especially the French, and then the U. The history really is brief — useful mainly for dates and names of dynasties and leaders.

Use the link at the bottom to explore the site further. Ho Chi Minh As part of their 100 Most Influential People of the 20th Century poll, Time magazine's presents a biography of the Vietnamese Communist leader Ho Chi Minh — he ranks in the top 20 of the most influential leaders and revolutionaries of the 20th century.

55a. Early Involvement

In typical Time style, the article seems slightly sentimental but is quite informative and a generally enjoyable read.