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Role of the political parties and the military in china

Mail As Japan protests the recent move by a Chinese naval vessel to lock its fire-control radar on a Japanese ship, a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson claimed Wednesday that the Ministry did not know about the specific event until it learned about it in the media. The statement has reinvigorated discussions about the rising influence of the People's Liberation Army and the level of political control over what is seen as an increasingly assertive military.

The crucial political role of China’s military

In assessing whether the military is emerging as an independent actor in China, it is useful to look back at the evolution of the People's Liberation Army and its relations with the Communist Party of China and the government.

What is a Geopolitical Diary? China's military has never served as an independent actor.

The Rising Role of China

From its inception, it has been strongly dependent on and closely integrated with the Communist Party of China. The gun must never be allowed to control the Party. Various systemic arrangements still in effect today have kept this rule in place. Like the Soviet Union's system, a political commissioner affiliated with the Party is placed in virtually every military unit, from the grassroots level to the Central Military Commission.

  1. He is currently Xi Jinping who was appointed at the end of 2012 in the expectation that he would serve for 10 years. That was how Deng Xiaoping remained paramount leader long after resigning all official posts and it explains why party elders sometimes play a key role in big decisions.
  2. The 25-member Politburo is elected by the party's Central Committee.
  3. Xi said the system is new because it combines Marxist political party theories with China's reality, and truly, extensively and in the long term represents fundamental interests of all people and all ethnic groups and fulfills their aspiration, avoiding the defects of the old-fashioned party system which represents only a selective few or the vested interest.

Nonetheless, the power of the military has seen periodic expansion over the years that at times challenged the political order. In fact, Mao utilized his control over the military to expand his authority over the Party.

China's party system is great contribution to political civilization: Xi

Deng Xiaoping utilized the Sino-Vietnamese Border War to ensure his political authority, and he, along with the other remaining revolutionary leaders, ousted civilian leaders who did not hold military power.

China is also increasingly staking its claim on its territorial and maritime boundaries, often clashing with its neighbors in the process. A complex maritime strategy has driven Beijing to rely increasingly on its naval and air force experts to craft a comprehensive and viable strategy.

This naturally raises the visibility and indeed, in some ways, the leverage of military officials. On the domestic front, natural disasters such as massive flooding and earthquakes — especially in Sichuan in 2008 — have also required the military to provide relief and assistance, placing increased attention on military planning and thereby improving the military's propaganda efforts, its public image and its prestige.

At the same time, the rising frequency of social unrest has resulted in growing military involvement to restore order. The government may also be raising public awareness of the military's modernization in order to reinforce national pride and unity, particularly as Beijing faces the challenges of economic restructuring and its attendant social dislocations.

Even clashes between some government organizations, such as the Ministry of National Defense and the Foreign Ministry, do not insinuate a break between the Party and the military.

  • In theory, the Congress has the powers to change the constitution and make laws;
  • Although many are powerful individuals - the governor of Sichuan province rules over 80 million people - their ability to deviate from the party line is limited because they know their next career move would be at stake;
  • That was how Deng Xiaoping remained paramount leader long after resigning all official posts and it explains why party elders sometimes play a key role in big decisions.

These differences usually reflect inter-ministry disputes over budgets and influence within the Party. As the Chinese continue to flex their military muscles in disputes across the East China and South China Seas, it is clear that the military, as direct participants in the conflict, will have a growing voice.

Access Check

The Party has witnessed periods of growing influence on the part of the People's Liberation Army, and it has used those periods to its own advantage. The Party continues to maintain very close oversight over the military through its political commissars and continues to monopolize the allocation of resources to the military.

But as the Chinese military undergoes further professionalization to keep pace with its new technology and missions, the Party is watching closely for any signs that the military may begin to develop an identity of its own, to see itself less as the protector of the Party's than of the nation.

  • So, over many years, for all senior officials, there has been an official retirement age of 65 and a limit of two five-year terms in the same post;
  • Members of the Standing Committee also share out the posts of party General Secretary, premier, chairman of the National People's Congress, and head of the Discipline Inspection Commission;
  • The word 'capitalist' is rarely used; instead policymakers talk of "economic development" and "commercial business".